Instead of putting your food leftovers into an organic waste bin; rather start composting them!
Composting is a great way to reduce your amount of food waste. You can put almost everything that you would normally just throw into the organic waste bin, into your compost and create new nutritious soil out of it! And keep in mind, composting is more sustainable and helps the planet! It reduces methane emissions from landfills and enables you to lower your own carbon footprint!
But now, let’s deal with the most important questions:
What is actually meant by "composting"?
Composting is the oldest and easiest recycling process in the world, and you can easily use this natural process within your garden. By setting up a compost you can let worms and other microorganisms transform your plant and food leftovers into humus – a soil with tons of nutrients.
And why is composting so important?
Compost can be really helpful for your garden work. Instead of buying fertilizer in a shop, you can simply use the soil from your compost to make your plants and flowers grow faster. Compost also improves your garden soil in a sustainable way. All in all, the soil becomes looser and can store water and nutrients better. This not only saves you money, but also helps the climate and the environment!
What to keep in mind while composting?
For successful composting you need an ideal mix of “green” (high in nitrogen) and “brown” (high carbon content) composting material.
The list below gives you more information about these two composting materials and also shows, what you can and shouldn’t put into your compost.
- Fruits and vegetables
- Coffee grounds and tea bags
- Leaves and plants
- Small animal litter
- Lawn and shrub cuttings
- Human/animal hair
- Crushed eggshells
- Nut shells
- Hay and straw
- Wood chips
- Dry leaves
- Wood ash
- Oil and grease
- Food waste of animal origin:
- (Fish) bones
- Bakery products
- Soiled cat litter
How to set up your own compost?
It doesn’t take much to set up your own compost. All you need is an enclosed bin with some aeration holes that keep animals out and allow access to oxygen. Furthermore, your bin should be bottomless to have contact with the bare earth. This allows worms and other beneficial organisms to ventilate the compost and to transport it to your garden beds. It’s also best to locate your compost in a well-drained spot with partial shade. This avoids that your compost starts stinking.
Now you have a general overview about the concept of composting. If you have any questions left, feel free to comment and share your own experience!
And if you would like to learn even more about composting feel free to follow “The Compost Education centre” (Link) on instagram or visit their homepage. They offer you tons of information about composting and organic gardening in general.